March 25, 2016
Your home security and safety is our priority. Beyond taking precautions to prevent a home fire, we at AMSA recommended that you know how to approach a blaze, should it occur in your Atlanta area home. It’s important to remember that there are several different types of home fires, and they need to be controlled in different ways.
Class A: This is considered an “ordinary fire.” Any fire that leaves an ash including wood, paper, or trash is a Class A fire. Also included in this category is clothing, rubber, and plastics.
The best way to battle this fire is with water.
Class B: These fires are created from flammable or combustible liquids. Oil, gasoline, spray cans, hairspray, paint thinner, kitchen oils, propane, and acetylene are all included in class B.
The best way to battle this fire is to smother it in order to deplete the oxygen supply with a fire extinguisher. It is important to remember that water will not put out this type of fire.
Class C: These fires are created from energized electrical fires. This can be started from any electrical wiring in the household.
To handle this type of fire, de-energize the circuit immediately and use a fire extinguisher labelled ABC or BC.
Class D: These fires are created from combustible metal fires. Magnesium and Titanium are the most common types of metal fires. If metal ignites DO NOT use water in an attempt to put it out.
These fires are best extinguished with a dry powder agent in a fire extinguisher labelled D. These work by smothering and heat absorption.
Class K: These fires are general kitchen fires created with cooking oils, grease, or animal fat.
The best agent to extinguish these fires is Purple K, which is the typical agent found in restaurant kitchens. For a fire at home, you can use a fire extinguisher labelled ABC or BC. It is important to remember that water will only fuel this fire.
To operate a fire extinguisher, remember the word PASS.
Pull the pin.
Squeeze the lever slowly and evenly.
Sweep the nozzle from side-to-side.
Remember, when using a fire extinguisher, always point it at the base of the fire, not the flames.
On average, fire departments respond to 357,000 home fires per year. Major causes of home fires include cooking, unintentional carelessness, open flames, appliances, and smoking. Don’t forget to change the batteries in your smoke alarms twice a year. Monitored smoke and carbon monoxide detectors are strongly recommended for their always-on safety coverage and emergency response notification, in addition to being a standard auditory alarm. Stay educated in fire safety to protect your home and family.